Table of Contents
Is there more skin cancer near the equator?
UV exposure is greater in places where the sun is high in the sky and in places where the ozone layer is thin. So the risk of skin cancer is particularly high in countries that are close to the equator and in countries near to the hole in the ozone layer above the Antarctic.
What percentage of Caucasians have skin cancer?
Skin cancer is the most common malignancy in the United States and represents ~ 35–45\% of all neoplasms in Caucasians (Ridky, 2007), 4–5\% in Hispanics, 2–4\% in Asians, and 1–2\% in Blacks (Halder and Bridgeman-Shah, 1995; Gloster and Neal, 2006).
How many white people get melanoma?
Risk of getting melanoma. Melanoma is more than 20 times more common in whites than in African Americans. Overall, the lifetime risk of getting melanoma is about 2.6\% (1 in 38) for whites, 0.1\% (1 in 1,000) for Blacks, and 0.6\% (1 in 167) for Hispanics.
Why does Australia have highest skin cancer rate?
Australia has one of the highest rates of skin cancer in the world. Anyone can be at risk of developing skin cancer, though the risk increases as you get older. The majority of skin cancers in Australia are caused by exposure to UV radiation in sunlight.
Why does Australia have a higher skin cancer rate than Brazil?
Generally speaking, the closer to the equator someone lives, the greater the amount and intensity of sun exposure they receive. That gradient is seen in a comparison of skin cancer rates across Australian states with Queensland reporting much higher rates than New South Wales, which is in turn higher than Victoria.
How many white people get skin cancer a year?
After age 50, and in general, men have higher rates. White populations have higher rates compared other races. The annual incidence rate of melanoma in non-Hispanic whites is over 31 per 100,000, compared to 5 per 100,000 in Hispanics and 1 per 100,000 in non-Hispanic Blacks.
How many blacks get skin cancer each year?
Overall, skin cancer is less common in Black people. Data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) found that in 2018 (the most recent data we have available), 1 case of melanoma occurred per 100,000 Black people, compared with 25 cases per 100,000 white people.
What percentage of skin biopsies are melanoma?
Lab testing showed that more than 90 percent of biopsied moles were completely removed by using the single procedure, with 11 (7 percent) diagnosed as melanoma, one of the most aggressive forms of skin cancer.
How does melanin protect the skin from UV rays?
Melanin protects the skin by shielding it from the sun. When the skin is exposed to the sun, melanin production increases, which is what produces a tan. It’s the body’s natural defense mechanism against sunburn.
Which country has highest UV index?
What are the statistics for skin cancer?
Key Statistics for Melanoma Skin Cancer. Cancer of the skin is by far the most common of all cancers. Melanoma accounts for only about 1\% of skin cancers but causes a large majority of skin cancer deaths. The American Cancer Society’s estimates for melanoma in the United States for 2019 are:
What are The racial predilections of skin cancer?
After age 50, and in general, men have higher rates. White populations have higher rates compared other races. 5-6, 12-13 Skin cancer can affect anyone, regardless of skin color. The incidence of skin cancer among non-Hispanic white individuals is almost 30 times higher than that among non-Hispanic Black or Asian/Pacific Islander individuals. 5
Where can I find SEER Cancer statistics by race/ethnicity?
SEER Statistical Publications provide other reports on cancer statistics by race/ethnicity. These include older, archived publications. SEER*Explorer is an interactive website that provides easy access to a wide range of SEER cancer statistics.
How common is melanoma in African American patients?
Twenty-five percent of melanoma cases in African American patients are diagnosed when the cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes, while 16\% are diagnosed when the cancer has spread to distant lymph nodes and other organs. 6