Table of Contents
- 1 What do the Chinese call the Cultural Revolution?
- 2 How did the Cultural Revolution affect Chinese art?
- 3 How were artists treated during the Cultural Revolution?
- 4 How did theatre influence the Cultural Revolution in China?
- 5 How did the Cultural Revolution come to an end?
- 6 What happened to China in 1969 during the Cultural Revolution?
What do the Chinese call the Cultural Revolution?
The Cultural Revolution, formally known as the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, was a sociopolitical movement in China from 1966 until Mao Zedong’s death in 1976.
How did the Cultural Revolution affect Chinese art?
During China’s Cultural Revolution traditional artists were condemned as counter-revolutionaries and imprisoned. These images permeated all areas of everyday life and were reproduced on all manner of objects including matchboxes, which before had usually shown images from Chinese folklore.
How were artists treated during the Cultural Revolution?
During this ten-year period—sometimes referred to as the decade of catastrophe—senior artists, especially ink painters, were subjected to public humiliation and sometimes torture, and their homes and artworks were seized and destroyed.
Why in ancient Chinese art influenced artistic style and subject?
Chinese philosophy and religion had an impact on artistic styles and subjects. The three perfections were calligraphy, poetry, and painting. Often they would be combined together in art. These became important starting with the Song Dynasty.
What was the goal of the Cultural Revolution in China?
Launched by Mao Zedong, Chairman of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and founder of the People’s Republic of China (PRC), its stated goal was to preserve Chinese communism by purging remnants of capitalist and traditional elements from Chinese society.
How did theatre influence the Cultural Revolution in China?
Before the Cultural Revolution, in the years 1958–1966, theatre became part of the struggles in the political arena as plays were used as to criticize or support particular members of the party leadership. An opera by Wu Han, Hai Rui Dismissed from Office, was interpreted as a veiled criticism of Mao.
How did the Cultural Revolution come to an end?
Cultural Revolution Comes to an End. Zhou acted to stabilize China by reviving educational system and restoring numerous former officials to power. In 1972, however, Mao suffered a stroke; in the same year, Zhou learned he had cancer.
What happened to China in 1969 during the Cultural Revolution?
Amid the chaos, the Chinese economy plummeted, with industrial production for 1968 dropping 12 percent below that of 1966. In 1969, Lin was officially designated Mao’s successor. He soon used the excuse of border clashes with Soviet troops to institute martial law.